GENDER WAGE GAP
Wisconsin 79.7% - unchanged from 2019
United States 81.2% - up (narrower) from 80.8% in 2019
One way to better understand the wage gap is to look at the earnings distribution for women and men. Women are more heavily concentrated in the lower end of the earning scale - particularly with median earnings less than $35,ooo per year. In part, this is because women tend to cluster in different occupations and are less represented in STEM occupations.
Gender Wage Gap for Racial/Ethnic Minority Populations
Women from racial and ethnic minority populations have much higher wage gaps than would be suggested by the statewide gap. These range from Hispanic women with largest gap earning 57.2% of men's earnings, to Asian women at 76.3%.
Estimating these figures requires using the Census Bureau's 5-year average data, rather than the annual data used above. The statewide wage gap figure (above) uses annual data. Five-year data are preferred for this purpose because Census collects the data with a survey that samples populations. The smaller the group being surveyed, the less reliable any one number could. Be pooling data from a series of year, the dataset becomes large and the data more reliable. See the Census website for survey methodology and discussion about margin of error.
|WOMEN||Median Annual Earnings||Gender Wage Gap|
|White (not Hispanic)||$41,700||80.3%|
|Black or African American||$31,800||62.3%|
|MEN (all groups)||$51,900||----|
Among full-time, year-round workers, Hispanic women have the largest Gender Wage Gap, earning only 57 cents compared to every dollar earned by a man in Wisconsin. They are followed closely by African American women earning 62 cents on the dollar.
Even between women there is a significant wage gap between white women and women of color. For example, Hispanic women's median annual earnings of $29,700 compared to $41,700 for white womene are equal to earnig 71 cents for every dollar earned by a white woman, on average.